Friday, August 23, 2013

Indian Independence Movement - Timeline Chart (10th standard History)

1885- Birth of Indian National congress
1905- Partition of Bengal, Swadeshi movement
1906- Birth of Muslim League
1907- Surat split
1909- Minto - Morley Reforms
1911- Cancellation of Bengal Partition
1914- Outbreak of first world war
1916- Home rule movement, Lucknow pact
1917- August Declaration
1918- End of first world war
1919- Montage - chemsford Reforms, Rowlatt Act, Jalian walabagh Massacre
1920- Non Co-operation Movement
1922- chauri Chaura Incident,Suspension of Non cooperation movement
1927- Formation of Simon commission
1928- Arrival of Simon Commission
1929- Lahore Congress
1930- Salt Satyagraha, First Round Table conference
1931- Gandhi Irwin pact, Second Round table Conference
1932- Communal Award, Poona pact, Third Round Table conference
1935- Government of India Act
1939- Beginning of Second world war
1940- Demand for Pakistan, August Offer
1942- Arrival of Cripps' Mission, Quit India Movement
1946- Arrival of Cabinet Mission
1947- Lord Mount Batten plan, India Independence Act

Indian Geography - Roadways


  • 80% of Indian passenger traffic is through roadway
  • 60% Goods transport by road
  • 3rd largest road length in world: 22 million KM (1991).
  • 40% road transport is though highways - National highways is 38000 Km

  • States with maximum surface roads in descending order:
  1. Maharashtra
  2. Tamilnadu
  3. Madhyapradesh
  • Unsurface road descending order:

  1. Orissa
  2. Kerala
  3. Uttar Pradesh


  • Road length descending order:


  1. Maharashtra
  2. Uttar Pradesh
  3. Madhya Pradesh


  • Average Road density descending order:


  1. Goa
  2. Punjab
  3. Tamil Nadu


  • Total number of national highways: 78
  • Manali-Leh highway → Height 4270km→ highest road in the world
  • Major National Highways:
  1. NH1 - Delhi To Amristar
  2. NH2 - Delhi to calcutta
  3. NH3 - Agra to Mumbai
  4. NH4-Thane to Chennai
  5. NH5- East Coast Road
  6. NH7 - Varanasi to kanyakumari
  7. NH15 -Border Road
  8. NH17 - West Coast Road 

Friday, August 16, 2013

Indian Economics - Five year Plans - Part I

FIRST FIVE YEAR PLAN (1951-1956)

Problems during first five year Plan:

  1. Influx or Refugees
  2. Food Shortage
  3. Inflation which was on the rise
  4. Disequilibrium of economy due to II world war
  5. Partition of the country

Target:

At least 11% increase in national income
Economic growth + Social growth
 

SECOND FIVE YEAR PLAN (1956-1961)

  • * Bolder & ambitious plan
  • * Major step towards Industrialization
  • * Rebuilding of rural India
  • * Create Socialistic Pattern of society

THIRD FIVE YEAR PLAN (1961-61 to 1965-66)

  • * Continuation of second 5 year plan
 

FOURTH FIVE YEAR PLAN (1969 - 1974)

  • * Growth with stability
  • * To be Self reliant

Observations:

      Indo-Pak war Caused a setback and hence the desired economic boost was not achieved.
 

FIFTH FIVE YEAR PLAN (1974-1978)

  • * Remove poverty
  • * Attain Self reliance.

Termination of the fifth plan:

In March 1977 Janata government terminated the plan as if was a conflict to the party's Socio economic philosophy. A new plan called rolling plan was launched from april 1978 (1978-83)
 

Friday, February 18, 2011

History - 6th standard - Kalabhras

They were the post Sangam rulers (300 AD to end of 600 AD)

Sangam age ended in mid 300 AD

Buddhism and Jainism spread in North India

Social ethics declined

DARK AGE

Post Sangam Literature:

  • Silapathikaram
  • Manimegalai
  • Pathinenkilkanakku
  • Thirukkural
  • Inna narpathu
  • Iniyavai narpathu
  • Naaladiyaar

History - 6th standard - Kalabhras

They were the post Sangam rulers (300 AD to end of 600 AD)

Sangam age ended in mid 300 AD

Buddhism and Jainism spread in North India

Social ethics declined

DARK AGE

Post Sangam Literature:

  • Silapathikaram
  • Manimegalai
  • Pathinenkilkanakku
  • Thirukkural
  • Inna narpathu
  • Iniyavai narpathu
  • Naaladiyaar

Thursday, February 17, 2011

History–6th Standard Greeks and Romans

Sangam literature refers Greeks and Romans as Yavanas

Greek & Roman writers referring to trade with South India in 100-200 AD:

  • Pliny
  • Ptolemy
  • Plutarch
  • Author of Periplus

Archeological Sources:

Arikamedu (near Pondicherry) excavations – Greek and Roman trade evidence

  • Greeks refer Arikamedu as PODUKE
  • Roman factory at Arikamedu – Coins, Porcelain jugs, tubs for dying clothes
  • Roman coins and Pottery 

Wednesday, February 16, 2011

Geography – 9th Standard (Standard IX) – Lesson 1 highlights

My apologies for not having posted for long. This is my post on 9th Standard Geography. I have covered the major points that have potential to appear in TNPSC Question paper. So I would say reading this as much equivalent to reading the social text book.

Lesson 1: The World we live in

  • Geographical area of world: 148 million sq kms (57 million sq miles)
  • Total countries : 193
  • Biggest Russia (17.08 million sq km or 6.593 million sq miles)
  • Smallest Vatican (0.44 sq kms)
  • Population – biggest : China (1.273 billion); 2nd largest India (1.03 billion)
  • Population – least : Vatican (890 people)